Conspiracy Theoryology
Ancient Aliens and Big History (Part 1)

Ancient Aliens and Big History (Part 1)

May 21, 2019

Episode 26

Published in 1968, Chariot of the Gods?, written by Erich Von Daniken, sparked a movement of thought and belief that endeavored to rewrite our understanding of the origins of human civilization and advancement. Von Daniken proposed that the historical record was proof of ancient extraterrestrial visitation and intervention across nearly all of the developing cultures throughout antiquity. These records, comprised of ancient artwork, mythological and religious texts, and even architectural structures, were not symbolic of supernatural belief systems and figurative understandings of mythical beings, but rather literal, misunderstood depictions of alien astronaut interactions with early cultures. Mankind advanced by learning from these ancient visitors, undertaking massive stone construction, advanced mythologies, astronomical reference, and even advanced technological mechanics.

These ideas influenced pop culture and media for decades, spurring televisions shows, books and movies based on these ideas. Even today, Ancient Alien hypothesis is discussed and debated. 

Von Daniken was not the only major influence though, and any discussion of Ancient Aliens would be remiss without a thorough review of the works of Zecharia Sitchin. Sitchin brought a different approach to the influence of ancient alien visitors in antiquity. Building his research from self-taught translation of cuneiform texts, Sitchin proposed an entire origin story to the very biological beginnings of mankind, stemming from an ancient race of alien beings, known as the Anunnaki. Heralding from the planet Nibiru, a far reaching planet within our own solar system, these Anunnaki came to Earth in search of gold to protect their planet's atmosphere. The Anunnaki, wanting their own race of workers to serve their needs, created, through genetic experimentation, modern humans, influencing their development and ultimately forming the early Sumerian culture. 

Joined by guest co-host Mike Nelson, we tackle the history and ideas of these two influential authors that gave rise to the massive phenomenon known as Ancient Alien Theory.

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

Links:

https://www.grimerica.ca/ep163/

https://thoseconspiracyguys.com/zecharia-sitchin/

 

BONUS - Mandela Effect - Patreon Teaser (w/ guest Mike Nelson)

BONUS - Mandela Effect - Patreon Teaser (w/ guest Mike Nelson)

May 1, 2019

BONUS - Patreon Teaser

This week I have a bonus episode for you to enjoy. A heavily abridged version of the conversation I had with my guest host, Mike Nelson, over on Patreon. Mike and I explored the Mandela Effect as a follow up to the Food Pyramid episode which only briefly touched on the topic. Mike brought a fresh perspective and some great research and we had a great time! The entire discussion was about an hour and a half, so I pulled out about 30 minutes to highlight and give you a feel for what is available over at the Patreon page. Introducing a concept known as "Collective Effervescence", Mike walks us through a plausible explanation of how the Mandela Effect functions as a beneficial function in social memory...at some of the examples!

This Patreon exclusive feed is called Expanded Theoryology and is available to all patrons. Mike and I hopped onto SquadCast to record a remote session and just couldn't put away the microphones! 

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

The Day Finland Didn’t Exist

The Day Finland Didn’t Exist

April 25, 2019

Ep. 25 - Finland Doesn't Exist

In the Cold War era, Japan and the Soviet Union supposedly shared a secret about a stretch of the Baltic Sea between the Soviet Union and Sweden. Around the mid-20th century, the two nations collectively spread the idea that there was a landmass known as Finland on that stretch of ocean, to keep the good fishing between themselves. The Japanese were free to fish as much as they liked there without worrying about international laws, so long as they give a share to Russia. The company of Nokia is actually owned by the Japanese and is used to hide the shipments  from this secret fishing industry in the guise of hardware. To get all this food across the continent, the trans-Siberian railway was built for this express purpose.

This is the conspiracy theory that surfaced in 2015 on an unassuming Reddit thread. Not long following, it went viral, traveling across social media and taking on a life of it's own. The fallout was fast and fierce. While many responded jokingly or dismissively, some responses were highly critical, and even outright insulting. Understandably, some Finnish users within Reddit were offended that such a claim was gaining traction. And traction it saw. Spreading across social media sites such as Tumbler and 4chan.

The question remains, what made this amusing conspiracy theory resonate so well with the public? Why did it capture our imagination, inspire discussion and spur debate? Is it due to some internet "law" that speaks to parody and sarcasm, or is it rooted in something more substantial in literature, like the concept of satire? Why does it speak to us? We try to tackle this issue on this episode of Conspiracy Theoryology.

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

Links:

http://yourbrainonfacts.com/

http://turnofphrases.com/

https://explorefinlandpodcast.com/

https://truecrimefinland.squarespace.com/

https://inktank.fi/podcasts/

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/xyd48w/this-dude-accidentally-convinced-the-internet-that-finland-doesnt-exist

https://theculturetrip.com/europe/finland/articles/does-finland-exist-many-dont-think-so/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poe%27s_law

https://www.reddit.com/r/AskReddit/comments/2qjohv/what_did_your_parents_show_you_to_do_that_you/cn6pn30/?context=8&depth=9

https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=362104126089102077125098103024071124050050034063008064066127015031027097112117071089098124053005104010109116078101117081119071104015058046044076005011115077027011064090081060009019103123026083118095091029113076094006066024126126099098024124026086119091&EXT=pdf

https://www.reddit.com/r/finlandConspiracy/comments/2y0oog/the_finland_conspiracy_and_all_you_need_to_know/

http://www.bodahub.com/does-finland-exist-conspiracy-theory/

http://www.stat.fi/tup/satavuotias-suomi/suomi-maailman-karjessa_en.html

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/feb/12/safe-happy-and-free-does-finland-have-all-the-answers

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satire

https://digitalcommons.uri.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.bing.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1065&context=srhonorsprog

https://thetowerphs.com/2015/12/arts-and-entertainment/satire-influencing-audiences-through-emotional-appeal/

https://theculturetrip.com/europe/finland/articles/podcasts-to-help-you-understand-finland/

The Day Sleep Paralysis Took Hold

The Day Sleep Paralysis Took Hold

April 11, 2019

Ep. 24 - Sleep Paralysis

Why talk about sleep paralysis? Isn’t it usually just an explanation in itself for strange phenomenon?

Actually, it’s not a definitive answer to all night time visions and experiences. Blaming sleep paralysis is simply blaming a physiological function as a means of dismissing strange experiences. Yet, it has become the go-to explanation, and we are eager to accept it as the reason for any sort of frightening tales of experience that remotely include aspects associated with this poorly understood physical response.

These experiences run the gamut. Sleep paralysis is now the primary accepted explanation for the night time visitation from demons, witches, ghosts and shadow people, alien visitation and abduction, even spiritual and out-of-body experiences.

So again, we are left with a phenomenon that would come up again and again in topics of the paranormal and supernatural, but itself is really just as mysterious. Just as fascinating in itself. Which means there is probably some theoryology behind it. Well, let’s try to understand sleep paralysis better.

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

Links:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/dream-factory/201409/sleep-paralysis

https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-22/edition-8/terror-night

https://www.livescience.com/61123-sleep-paralysis-stress-supernatural.html

https://www.psychologicalscience.org/news/releases/what-predicts-distress-after-episodes-of-sleep-paralysis.html

https://theconversation.com/understanding-sleep-paralysis-a-terrifying-but-unique-state-of-consciousness-48509

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/your-wise-brain/201601/what-makes-you-feel-threatened

https://www.luciddreamsociety.com/sleep-paralysis-stories/

https://www.nosleeplessnights.com/sleep-paralysis-stories-intruder-demon-or-delusion/

https://esotericscience.org/article12b.htm

https://thriveglobal.com/stories/the-neuroscience-of-sleep-paralysis/

http://behdad.org/mirror/www.braindecoder.com/neuroscience-of-sleep-paralysis-1113306867.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Explanatory_gap

https://bigthink.com/neurobonkers/the-seductive-allure-of-the-seductive-allure-of-the-seductive-allure-of-neuroscience-explanations

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/neuroskeptic/2009/01/06/critiquing-a-classic-the-seductive-allure-of-neuroscience-explanations/#.XK7UVphKhPa

http://sleepingresources.com/scary-sleep-paralysis-stories-waking-up-in-a-nightmare/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reductionism

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5002400/

That’s Not Romantic…It’s Creepy!

That’s Not Romantic…It’s Creepy!

April 4, 2019

Podswap - Burst Your Bubble Podcast

A wonderful episode swapping project coordinated by the lovely and talented host and creator Moxie at Your Brain on Facts. Inspired by the days of comic strip artists swapping characters, this operation is meant to introduce new podcasts, not only to you the listener, but us as well, that we think our listeners will find interesting and enjoyable.

Today, I have to pleasure of bringing you the 50th episode of the Burst Your Bubble podcast, with host Morgan Jaffe. Just like you and I do here at Conspiracy Theoryology, Morgan takes an idea and breaks it down in ways that we might not consider. Finding themes in pop culture, television or film, she dissects the -isms and phobias that are often hidden, or not so hidden within the media. Whether you agree or disagree, Morgan is going to guide you through ideas and perspectives that you may never have considered, peering through a media literacy lens, with a dash of history in the mix.

Morgan is fun and insightful, and frankly, just fun to listen to. I recommend that you jump over to BurstYourBubblePodcast.com to check out more about the show, and don’t be afraid to subscribe and add the show to your listening repertoire. And don’t worry, I’ll be back next week with another episode of Conspiracy Theoryology. I’ll see you then.

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

The Day We Spontaneously Combusted

The Day We Spontaneously Combusted

March 26, 2019

Episode 23 - Spontaneous Human Combustion

This phenomenon, also known as SHC, probably because it gets old saying the full term pretty quickly in a long conversation, goes back hundreds of years and still befuddles investigators in cases today. This isn’t really a tale of the supernatural, although it certainly gives that vibe. It’s certainly paranormal in the very literal sense of being out-of-the ordinary. The term is used in different ways; By investigators and coroners as a means to close a case and ascribe a lack of explanation as a conclusion; By survivors as a means of giving cause to an otherwise unexplained loss; By story tellers as a means of warning against behaviors and lifestyle.

Ultimately it’s a phenomenon that’s captures our imagination because spontaneous human combustion hits on so many elements of fear and expectations.

The best way to talk about SHC is to hear the stories and think about their elements. Only after you get a feel for the stories can we look into look into some possible psychological basis for our fascination. 

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

Links:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spontaneous_human_combustion

https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/8200790/spontaneous-human-combustion-real-burns-incendiary-bomb-scientist-claims/

http://www.science-rumors.com/top-10-real-spontaneous-human-combustion-stories-in-the-history/

http://anomalyinfo.com/?q=Topics/spontaneous-human-combustion-reports-chronological-order

http://www.newser.com/story/129338/dead-man-spontaneously-combusted-coroner.html

https://www.thoughtco.com/likelihood-of-scary-things-4151051

https://psychcentral.com/blog/catastrophic-thinking-when-your-mind-clings-to-worst-case-scenarios/

http://www.harleytherapy.co.uk/counselling/cognitive-distortions.htm

https://www.harleytherapy.co.uk/counselling/catastrophizing-always-assuming-the-worse-heres-why-you-should-stop.htm

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/sapient-nature/201310/how-negative-is-your-mental-chatter

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228818558_Overweighting_of_Small_Probabilities

https://www.realclearscience.com/blog/2012/12/how-to-avoid-spontaneously-combusting.html

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/conquer-fear-flying/201512/fear-can-make-you-believe-the-worst-will-happen-how

https://mysteriousuniverse.org/2015/10/engulfed-in-blue-flames-when-spontaneous-human-combustion-strikes/

https://www.cremationresource.org/cremation/how-is-a-body-cremated.html

The Day We Built a Food Pyramid

The Day We Built a Food Pyramid

March 14, 2019

Episode 22 - The Food Pyramid

Howdy Theoryologists. Let’s talk about the infamous USDA Food Pyramid. Think back to when you first saw it? That pyramid poster on the wall. When do you remember seeing it? Grade school? On TV? When was that? How old is that colorfully pyramid shaped stack of food?

Regardless, that now infamous visual was meant to convey, in summary, the recommended dietary guidelines as outlined by the US Department of Agriculture. The food pyramid was controversial from it’s very introduction. Backed by research, then influenced by agriculture lobbyists, the graphic (and many of the recommended guidelines behind it) were heavily criticized for vague categorization of some food types, ambiguous and undefined serving recommendations, and the blatant politicizing and alteration of the nutrition science of the time. Criticism notwithstanding, it was rolled out with a huge marketing campaign, and food pyramid posters appeared in school cafeterias and public clinics throughout the country. The guidelines drive planning for multiple USDA managed food programs, and the impact has been felt since. In fact, it’s very shape has played a part in its influence. So influential this graphic became and so pronounced the criticism for it, that although it’s been replaced with something not triangular in shape, the term “food pyramid” has become synonymous with the entirety of the history that is the USDA Nutrition Guidelines, and has even created a bit of a Mandela effect.

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

Links:

http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/09/invented-food-pyramid/

https://www.ditchthecarbs.com/why/food-pyramids/

https://www.nytimes.com/2002/07/07/magazine/what-if-it-s-all-been-a-big-fat-lie.html

https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/healthy-eating-pyramid/

https://www.manufacturing.net/blog/2015/05/history-usda-nutrition-guides

https://www.healthline.com/health/history-food-pyramid#1

https://www.healthyway.com/content/how-did-the-government-get-the-food-pyramid-so-terribly-wrong/

https://www.honeycolony.com/article/food-pyramid-rebuilt-my-plate/

https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/an-epidemic-of-obesity/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_USDA_nutrition_guides

http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall02/Greene/problems.htm

https://www.verywellfamily.com/the-food-pyramid-and-child-nutrition-2633612

https://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/usda-nutrition-assistance-programs

https://www.sweetspot.com/en/2014/05/20/focus-visualizations-funnel-charts/

https://visme.co/blog/geometric-meanings/

https://www.shutterstock.com/blog/psychological-meaning-shapes-use

https://www.creativebloq.com/logo-design/psychology-logo-shapes-8133918

http://www.whale.to/a/light_h.html

CT021 - The Day We Debunk The Skeptics

CT021 - The Day We Debunk The Skeptics

February 27, 2019

Episode 21 - Pseudo-Skepticism

Howdy Theoryologists. Today we are discussing the broad brush stroke term “skepticism”, and specifically the misuse and mislabeling of a falsely skeptical approach that hides an objective of debunking. See, underlying any topic we have had, or might have in the future on Conspiracy Theoryology, is the skeptical perspective. That point of view which says “I’m not just taking this at face value,” and rightly so. There would be no such thing as a conspiracy theory, or alternative belief, if things always were, or they weren’t, in our minds. In fact, there wouldn’t be much of anything if we never questioned the truth of what we know at that moment. There’d be no advancement. No discovery. No need for proof. Fortunately, that’s not the case. Skepticism is quite popular. It’s even trendy to consider yourself a skeptic. This is why I decided it needed its own devoted episode, otherwise it just goes piecemeal into every episode, and never adequately.

Skepticism is a part of our everyday lives, and something that most would consider pretty healthy. No one would debate the need to be a bit skeptical of the safety railing at a scenic lookout along a mountain path, or the need to be skeptical of the expiration date before taking a gulp of milk from the carton in the refrigerator when you aren’t sure how long it’s been there. Yeah, skepticism is healthy, but that’s not where skepticism causes an issue. In fact, it’s rarely called skepticism. That’s just safety consciousness, or good sense. No, skepticism has become an almost professional moniker for those that question beliefs, theories and experiences that fly in the face of mainstream accepted reality, as well as those that call into question our understanding of the world and how we live and interact. Skepticism, as a way of thinking, and "Skeptic" as a title, has been appropriated almost exclusively by those that ascribe to a mainstream position of scientific skeptical inquiry.

In reality, though, skepticism has an identity crisis.

 

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

Links:

https://www.theepochtimes.com/what-is-unhealthy-skepticism_603148.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pseudoskepticism

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcello_Truzzi

http://amasci.com/pathsk2.html

https://atlantisrisingmagazine.com/article/pathological-skepticism/

https://scottbarrykaufman.com/podcast/science-skepticism-michael-shermer/

https://www.csicop.org/si/show/proper_criticism

https://www.wordonfire.org/resources/blog/3-simple-ways-to-debunk-relativism-skepticism-and-materialism/4747/

https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_mindcon57.htm

https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_mindcon57.htm#A_Modern_History_of_Debunkery_

https://debunkingdenialism.com/scientific-skepticism/

https://www.energypsych.org/page/Debunking_article

https://theethicalskeptic.com/2014/04/14/the-appeal-to-skepticism-fallacy/

https://files.turri.org/research/Appeal.pdf

http://ilj.law.indiana.edu/articles/15-Zamir-Ritov-Teichman.pdf

https://john.turri.org/about

CT020 - The Day Space Went Flat (Flat Earth Theory Pt. 3)

CT020 - The Day Space Went Flat (Flat Earth Theory Pt. 3)

February 14, 2019

Episode 20 - Flat Earth Theory (Part 3)

Howdy Theoryologists. This time we will really pull together the reason for first exploring the concepts of belief and perception. I knew we would need to have a good context of those idea before we jumped into the evolution of flat earth theory. Our discussions previously have approached Flat Earth as a proposed idea. Really a hypothesis to be tested and proven. But of course, we like to talk conspiracy, and yes, flat earth has it’s conspiracies.  

In one sense, the conspiracy is that of cover up. An effort to hide the truth. In another sense, it’s the idea of a flat earth itself that is the conspiracy, or at least a means of conveying the conspiracy. The idea that reality contradicts perceived reality. That the natural laws that govern the way we understand the world are there to hide a true reality. Perhaps even programmed to deceive. Finally, there is the conspiracy of collective consensus. The idea that the scientific community, and even the general population, simply dismisses flat earth because it is a threat to the reality we’ve made for ourselves, and feel comfortable in.

 

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

Links:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depersonalization_disorder

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depersonalization

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derealization

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_1GCjggflEU

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-search-self/201610/depersonalization-philosophical-awareness

https://psychcentral.com/lib/is-depersonalization-disorder-a-form-of-enlightenment/

https://futurism.com/the-history-of-the-voyager-program-2

https://medium.com/starts-with-a-bang/ask-ethan-what-does-the-edge-of-the-universe-look-like-3d7121a59a30

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simulation_hypothesis

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/oct/11/simulated-world-elon-musk-the-matrix

https://phys.org/news/2017-01-reveals-substantial-evidence-holographic-universe.html

https://phys.org/news/2015-04-universe-hologram.html

https://www.simulation-argument.com/simulation.pdf

CT019 - The Day Belief Persevered (Flat Earth Theory Pt. 2)

CT019 - The Day Belief Persevered (Flat Earth Theory Pt. 2)

January 29, 2019

Episode 19 - Flat Earth Theory (Part 2)

Howdy Theoryologists. Let’s continue our discussion on Flat Earth Theory. In part 1, we focused on the history of modern flat earth theory, it’s introduction in the mid-nineteenth century, and the contemporary philosophical musings at the time, which were opening up new thought on reality and existence. In our theoryology discussion we explored the beginnings of existential thought being introduced by Soren Kierkegaard, and dove into the psychology of perceptual constancy, which should make us all question our certainty about the “reality” of the world around us as we perceive it to be.

So, we’ve covered perception, and the wiggle room that can give when observing the world around us. But perception only gives us a piece of the puzzle. It gives us the data from observation. It tells us what we see and how things appear. What is does not do, however, is explain how that turns into something we understand to be true. That’s where belief comes in.   

Defining belief is a difficult task, and it’s a term that is used in a multitude of ways depending upon context. The term is used to identify psychological phenomenon in conscious thought. It’s used in philosophical discussion to explore the study of knowledge. Beliefs are categorized with qualifiers such as core beliefs and dispositional beliefs. They are separated into groups of epistemological beliefs and religious beliefs. Even the formation of belief is a topic of discussion. All that said, we aren’t going to drill into every nook and cranny of the study of belief, but we do need to understand it superficially in order to discuss Flat Earth Theory. For our purposes, belief can be viewed rather simply. Beliefs are often formed by creating compelling explanations for why something is true.

www.conspiracytheoryology.com

email - contact@conspiracytheoryology.com

Twitter - @TheoryologyPod

Facebook - @TheoryologyPodcast

Patreon - www.patreon.com/conspiracytheoryology

Music is by adamhenrygarcia.bandcamp.com

Links:

https://alanzosblog.com/beliefs-vs-facts/

https://www.sciencealert.com/one-third-millennials-believe-flat-earth-conspiracy-statistics-yougov-debunk

http://socialpsychonline.com/2016/11/belief-perseverance/

https://bigthink.com/stephen-johnson/understanding-the-really-ridiculous-core-tenets-of-the-flat-earth-hypothesis

https://www.theclinicondupont.com/the-neuroscience-of-core-beliefs/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belief

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/enlightened-living/200808/core-truths-core-beliefs-and-obstacles-progress-pt-2

https://www.thealignedlife.co/question-your-reality/

https://spencerinstitute.com/beliefs-and-opinions-vs-facts-and-evidence-a-coaching-perspective-and-solution/

https://www.quora.com/At-what-altitude-do-you-see-the-curvature-of-the-Earth

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/psych-unseen/201702/flat-earthers-belief-skepticism-and-denialism

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/trees/tgen/painting-tree-trunks-white.htm

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/when-continental-drift-was-considered-pseudoscience-90353214/